cabestro


cabestro
(Sp. model spelled same [kabéstro] < Latin capistrum 'halter')
   1) DARE: 1805. Originally a halter or tether made of a hair rope. Watts notes that its original meaning was broadened to refer to any hair rope, or even to a reata, which is generally a rope made of rawhide. This last application is not widespread, however, and can be confusing, since cabestro is often used to distinguish a rope made of hair from one made of rawhide or leather. The DRAE defines cabestro as a halter that is tied to the head or neck of a horse to lead or secure it. Islas's definition differs from the DRAE's in that the horsehair cabestro need not be attached to a halter. According to Islas, it is the term most commonly used in Mexico to refer to a twisted horsehair rope used to restrain, lead, or train a horse. Its length is variable—it may be some sixteen feet long and serve as a halter, or about twenty feet long and function as a double-rein, or from twenty-six to thirty-three feet long and serve as a "false rein" (or halter and headstall used when breaking a horse). The thickness of the cabestro or cabresto also varies, depending on the function of the rope. Santamaría concurs with Islas, noting that cabresto is so common in Mexico that cabestro sounds strange to the ear. He cites Salvá as saying that cabresto is an antiquated form that appears in writing in the sixteenth century. (Linguistically, the fact that the /r/ appears to move from one syllable to the next and forms a consonant cluster with /b/ or /t/ is known as metathesis. Such variation is common in popularly transmitted forms and is evidenced in the history of both Spanish and English.) Cobos indicates that in New Mexico and southern Colorado cabresto can refer to a rope in general.
   Alternate forms: cabarista, cabaros, caberes, caberos, caboras, caboris, cabras, cabrass, cabressa, cabresse, cabresta, cabresto, cabris, cavraces.
   2) According to Smith, cabestro can also refer to "one who might be led around by the nose." Spanish sources do not reference this term as a noun that can be applied to a person. However, the DRAE references cabestrear and Santamaría references cabrestear as verbs meaning to lead an animal around with a cabestro or cabresto. Santamaría indicates that the verb form can be used figuratively to lead a person "by the nose" or to coerce him or her to do something against his or her will. According to the DRAE, llevar/traer del cabestro a alguien has the same figurative meaning in Spain.

Cowboy Talk. A Dictionary of Spanish Terms. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • cabestro — sustantivo masculino 1. Buey manso que sirve de guía a las reses bravas: Los cabestros sacaron el toro de la plaza. 2. Uso/registro: restringido. Pragmática: peyorativo. Hombre al que su mujer le es infiel. Sinónimo: cornudo …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • cabestro — (Del lat. capistrum). 1. m. Buey manso que suele llevar cencerro y sirve de guía en las toradas. 2. Ronzal que se ata a la cabeza o al cuello de la caballería para llevarla o asegurarla. 3. cabestrillo (ǁ cadena delgada de oro o plata). llevar, o …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • cabestro — fronda para mantener reducidas las fracturas de la mandíbula Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010 …   Diccionario médico

  • Cabestro — Cabestros de la race andalouse Berrenda en colorado dans les arènes de Séville. Un cabestro est, dans le monde de la corrida, un taureau généralement issu d une race destinée à la production de viande, castré à deux ans afin de faciliter son… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • cabestro — s. hombre cuya mujer es infiel. ❙ «Bueno, visto así a lo mejor aquel cabestro tenía razón...» Ángel Palomino, Las otras violaciones. ❙ «¿O cuando [...] alguien cuente el consabido chiste de cabestros?» Manuel Hidalgo, Azucena, que juega al tenis …   Diccionario del Argot "El Sohez"

  • cabestro — (Del lat. capistrum.) ► sustantivo masculino 1 EQUITACIÓN Cuerda que se ata a la cabeza o al cuello de la caballería para conducirla o sujetarla. SINÓNIMO ronzal 2 TAUROMAQUIA Buey manso que sirve de guía a las reses bravas: ■ con los cabestros… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • cabestro — {{#}}{{LM C06369}}{{〓}} {{SynC06512}} {{[}}cabestro{{]}} ‹ca·bes·tro› {{《}}▍ s.m.{{》}} Buey manso que suele llevar cencerro y que sirve de guía a las reses bravas: • Soltaron los cabestros para llevar al toro de la plaza.{{○}}… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • cabestro — s m 1 Cuerda o reata que se amarra de la barbada del freno de un caballo, una mula, etc para llevarlo o asegurarlo 2 Buey manso que sirve de guía a los toros …   Español en México

  • cabestro — sustantivo masculino dogal, ramal, ronzal. * * * Sinónimos: ■ ronzal, brida, cuerda ■ dogal, bozal, bozo ■ manso, castrado …   Diccionario de sinónimos y antónimos

  • cabestro — m. Cuerda que se ata al cuello de la caballería para llevarla asegurada. Buey manso, con cencerro, para guiar toros. cabeza. f. Parte superior del cuerpo humano y anterior en muchos animales. Parte superior y posterior del cráneo, excluida la… …   Diccionario Castellano


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.